|Search multiple databases including America: History & Life and JSTOR to find secondary sources -- scholarly journal articles, books, and dissertations.|
|If the full text of the article is not available immediately in the database, click on the Check for Full Text link to locate
the full text in another database.
Use Journal Finder if you have a citation and need to find the full text journal.
Search the SMC Library Catalog:
If you find a book the library does not own, submit an interlibrary loan request.
Specialized encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference works can provide good background information on your topic.
Use Reference Universe to search for other reference material in the library's collection.back to top
Primary Sources are original records created at the time historical events occurred.
Example Library Catalog Search:
Provides access to New York Times and Washington Post from the 1850's to the 1980's.
Reader's Guide Retrospective
Index of general interest/popular magazines and journals from 1890-1982.
Chronicling America: Historical American Newspapers
Access selected digitized American newspapers from 1836-1922 or search the US Newspaper Directory, 1690-present.
American Periodicals Online Series
Search American magazines from 1741-1900.
Making of America
19th c. books and magazines
Search international, national and regional papers from 1977 to the present. Coverage varies.
Academic Search Premier
Search newspapers and magazines from 1975 to the present by limiting to newspapers and magazines as a source type.
Searchable archives of presidential documents sponsored by University of California, Santa Barbara. The archives includes The Public Papers of the Presidents from 1789-1913 and 1929-present and has a media archives.
Links to the Presidential Libraries.
Library of Congress Digital Collections
Primary documents in American History from the Library of Congress.
The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Search or browse the Archival Research Catalog (ARC) on selected topics to find digital images. Other search interfaces available include Access to Archival Databases and the Online Public Access Catalog.
Find other digital collections on your president by doing a Google search such as theodore roosevelt digital collection. You can also restrict your searches by using the Google Advanced search and limiting to the .edu, .org, or .gov domains.
U.S. Presidential Audio Recordings
Sound samples of presidents from Michigan State University's Vincent Voice Library.
Consider the following factors when evaluating your sources.
Currency - Is the timeliness of the information appropriate? Check the publication date of the website, book, or article. Date may not be an issue with historical topics unless you are looking for primary sources.
Relevance - Does the information fit your assignment/research question? Look at abstract, table of contents, introduction, cited references, and index to determine relevance. Is it a popular or scholarly source?
Authority - Who is taking responsibility for the source?--subject specialist, news reporter, organization. Where did they obtain their information? Is a bibliography or reference list provided? Look at author credentials, about us links on websites, etc.
Accuracy - Never rely on one source. Compare facts with additional sources.
Purpose - What is the intent of the article/author?--to persuade, to inform, to influence your opinion.
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Maintained by Stacey Knightback to top